With another large snowfall on the way, area residents will break out their snow shovels and salt to clear out driveways and sidewalks. The American Heart Association warns that for most people, shoveling snow may not lead to any health problems, however, the risk of a heart attack during snow shoveling increases for others. One of the reasons heart attacks can occur during snow shoveling is the combination of colder temperatures and physical exertion which increases the workload on the heart, as a result, too much strain on the heart during these conditions can cause a heart attack.
To help make snow removal safer, the association has compiled a list of practical tips.
Consult a doctor. If you have a medical condition or don’t exercise on a regular basis or are middle aged or older, schedule a meeting with your doctor prior to the first anticipated snowfall.
Give yourself a break. Take frequent rest breaks during shoveling so you don’t overstress your heart. Pay attention to how your body feels during those breaks.
Don’t eat a heavy meal prior or soon after shoveling. Eating a large meal can put an extra load on your heart.
Don’t drink alcoholic beverages before or immediately after shoveling. Alcohol may increase a person’s sensation of warmth and may cause them to underestimate the extra strain their body is under in the cold.
Be aware of the dangers of hypothermia. Heart failure causes most deaths in hypothermia. To prevent hypothermia, dress in layers of warm clothing, which traps air between layers forming a protective insulation. Wear a hat because much of your body’s heat can be lost through your head.
Use a small shovel or consider a snow thrower. The act of lifting heavy snow can raise blood pressure acutely during the lift. It is safer to lift smaller amounts more times, than to lug a few huge shovelfuls of snow. When possible, simply push the snow.
Listen to your body. If you feel the warning signs for heart attack, stop what you’re doing immediately and call 9-1-1.
The warning signs of a heart attack include:
•Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing or pain in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
•Pain spreading to the shoulders, neck and arms.
•Chest discomfort with lightheadness, fainting, sweating, nausea or shortness of breath.
For more information, call the American Heart Association at 800-AHA-USA1 or visit online at americanheart.org.
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