The number of motor vehicle fatalities has been trending down for decades, driven in large part by more people wearing seat belts. In 2004, more than 19,000 occupants killed in car crashes were unrestrained at the time, compared to 12,426 in 2018. While data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates that just 6.3 percent of U.S. adults don’t wear a seat belt all (or most) of the time, unrestrained occupants still account for nearly half of individuals killed in car crashes, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Despite improvements in restraint use overall, rates vary widely by gender. According to the CDC, men are twice as likely as women to report not wearing a seat belt (8.5 percent compared to 4.2 percent). Men are also about 2.5 times as likely as women to die in car crashes, based on traffic fatality data collected by the NHTSA from 2016-2018. Among all occupants killed in car crashes, men are about three times as likely as women to have not been wearing a seat belt.
Location also plays a role in the widespread adoption of seat belts. In general, states with large rural populations are more likely to report large proportions of residents not wearing seat belts. For example, adults in New Hampshire and South Dakota—which have some of the smallest urban populations—are more than twice as likely as average to report not wearing seat belts (17.2 percent and 15.0 percent, respectively). By contrast, California, Oregon, and Washington—where more than eight in 10 residents live in urban areas—report the highest rates of restraint use in the country.To find which metropolitan areas’ residents are least likely to wear seat belts, researchers at CoPilot, a car shopping app, analyzed restraint use statistics from the CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. They also analyzed how many unrestrained occupants were killed in car crashes in each metro area from 2016 to 2018. To improve relevance, metros were grouped into cohorts based on population size: large metros (1,000,000 residents or more), midsize metros (350,000-999,999 residents), and small metros (less than 350,000 residents).
Similar to the state-level analysis discussed above, West Coast metros are largely absent from the list of areas with poor seat belt use rates. Locations on the East Coast and in the Midwest are disproportionately represented.
In Fort Wayne, 5.3% of commuters don’t wear seat belts, the 13th highest share of commuters of all midsize U.S. metros. Out of all Fort Wayne commuters killed in car accidents, 55.8% were not wearing seat belts. Here is a summary of the data for the Fort Wayne, IN metro:
• Share of adults who don’t always wear a seat belt: 5.3%
• Unrestrained occupants killed in car crashes (% of total): 55.8%
• Total unrestrained occupants killed in car crashes (2016-2018): 58
• Number of car commuters: 196,880
For reference, here are the statistics for the entire United States:
• Share of adults who don’t always wear a seat belt: 6.3%
• Unrestrained occupants killed in car crashes (% of total): 46.7%
• Total unrestrained occupants killed in car crashes (2016-2018): 38,752
• Number of car commuters: 131,881,855
For more information, a detailed methodology, and complete results, you can find the original report on CoPilot’s website: www.copilotsearch.com/posts/cities-that-dont-wear-seatbelts/